China and the Philippines will hold direct talks on their maritime dispute in May, Filipino officials said yesterday, as President Rodrigo Duterte seeks stronger economic ties with Beijing.
Last year a United Nations-backed international tribunal rejected Beijing’s claims to most of the South China Sea, including disputed areas close to the coasts of its neighbors.
But Duterte, elected last year, has played down that ruling and pushed for rapprochement with China as he seeks billions of dollars in trade and investment from it.
China this week offered to host a meeting in May of a “bilateral consultation mechanism” to tackle issues related to the sea row, the Philippine foreign department of Foreign Affairs said.
“This is a new proposal, a bilateral consultation mechanism specifically on the South China Sea,” DFA spokesman Charles Jose told reporters.
China rejects the tribunal’s ruling and asserts sovereignty over almost all of the South China Sea, despite partial counter-claims from Brunei, Taiwan, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam.
It has extensively reclaimed reefs and installed military and other facilities including airstrips on some outcrops.
China has always favored bilateral talks with each rival claimant instead of negotiations involving all six, as was previously favored by the Philippines.
Analysts say direct talks with smaller neighbors would allow China to exert its massive economic and political leverage in a region dependent on Chinese trade.
Jose said the Chinese invitation for the May bilateral talks set no preconditions.
“What is important is we have a peaceful means (to resolve the dispute),” he added.
Duterte, 72, has repeatedly said he does not want to go to war with Beijing over the sea row.
After his election he pivoted his nation’s foreign policy away from traditional ally the United States towards China.
Jose said the direct talks would be the “platform” where the Philippines could raise issues like China’s construction of artificial islands.
Both nations were still finalizing the agenda, dates and level of representation, he added.
Duterte’s spokesman hailed the proposed meeting.
“Through this bilateral mechanism, mutual trust and maritime cooperation will be forged and misunderstandings will be avoided,” Ernesto Abella said.