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Women martyrs

Protesters hold up the three finger salute at the Sittaung River during a demonstration against the military coup in Naypyidaw on March 9, 2021. STR / AFP

Myanmar garment workers stand for ‘women martyrs’ of democracy protests

YANGON, March 9, 2021 (AFP) – For the past month, garment worker Khine Mar Nwe has demonstrated alongside her female co-workers at violent protests in Myanmar, risking her life to demand a return to democracy.

The 26-year-old mother used to spend her days hunched over a sewing machine in the commercial city of Yangon, making clothes for western fashion brands.

But that all changed when the putsch on February 1 ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi and triggered mass protests against the new military junta.

Security forces have responded with an increasingly brutal crackdown on demonstrators, with more than 50 people killed and nearly 1,800 arrested. Despite the dangers, Khine Mar Nwe is determined to fight.

“We have equal responsibilities with men and we are here to protest shoulder to shoulder with men in the revolution,” she told AFP on International Women’s Day.

“We don’t have any fears,” she said, her long ponytail billowing out from a baseball cap, as she raised three fingers in the air — a symbol of resistance — at a rally in Yangon.

Khine Mar Nwe, chairwoman of a popular garment factory workers association, says the oppressive conditions she worked under have taught her the importance of standing up for herself.

Her dogmatic leadership style has at times rankled her bosses who have threatened to lay her off.

Before the coup, Myanmar’s garment industry was booming thanks to an influx of investments from international fashion brands.

Labels such as GAP, H&M, Primark and Adidas had shifted production to Myanmar factories, and locally-manufactured clothing, footwear and handbags were worth three percent to the country’s gross domestic product.

But with the military back in power, the fate of the industry’s 700,000 workers is in doubt amid fears fashion labels could exit the country.

The unintended impact could be “malnutrition and sex-trafficking” for the mostly female workers, an industry insider told AFP.

Despite the uncertainty in her industry and the personal safety risks for demonstrators, Khine Mar Nwe says she’s not worried and maintains women must be a part of Myanmar’s democratic restoration.

The deaths by gunfire of two young women — Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, 20, and Kyal Sin, 19 — in recent weeks has deepened her commitment to the cause.

“I’m very proud of our women martyrs,” she said.

“We promise to fight (on) relentlessly on their behalf, as long as I’m alive.” bur-lpm/aph/am/rma/rbu Agence France-Presse