* Kebab and shawarma. Grilling a vertical spit of stacked meat slices, and cutting it off as it cooks, first appeared in the 19th century in Ottoman Turkey, where it was known as döner kebap. This food was first presented by Turkish immigrants in Berlin in the 1970s. The rotating kebab with ingredients of sliced lamb, beef, or chicken, is slowly roasted on a vertical rotating spit. Shawarma is one of the world’s most popular street foods, especially in Egypt and the countries of the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula. Today’s shawarma may also be chicken, turkey, beef, or veal.